More than 3 million people have crossed the demarcation line during last five months in Donbas
10:24 / 08 Jun. 2016 / 151
According to UNOCHA report, more the three millions of people have crossed the checkpoints along the demarcation line since the beginning of 2016. The report is compiled from the data of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, the Security Service, State Border Service and the UN humanitarian partners.
The report also demonstrates that since the beginning of 2016 more than 3 million people have crossed the demarcation line through five checkpoints of entry and exit, when faced with the threat of use of force due to ongoing military operations, presence of unexploded ordnance and mines. Limited access to safe drinking water, sanitary facilities and medical assistance at control checkpoints increase the vulnerability of people affected by the conflict.
Besides, the report notes that the restriction on freedom of movement, limited access to markets and basic services for the citizens of Ukraine, who live on uncontrolled territories, is still the main humanitarian problem.
“The capacity of existing checkpoints is insufficient for half a million people, who cross the” demarcation line” every day (725 thousand people in May). Even the temporary closure of any checkpoint leads to a massive inflow of people to other checkpoints. The situation is complicated for people in Luhansk region due to the fact that a pedestrian checkpoint Stanitsa Luhanskaya is the only checkpoint in this area. This checkpoint was closed for 3 weeks because of the intensification of hostilities. Thus, people were forced to use dangerous road or illegally cross the “demarcation line” at international checkpoint Melove, which does not coincide with humanitarian needs.